REVITALISATION OF HISTORIC PUBLIC CEMETERIES IN CENTRAL ZONES OF URBAN AREAS
Free (open access)
147 - 158
IVONA DLÁBIKOVÁ, KLÁRA FROLÍKOVÁ-PALÁNOVÁ, MARTINA PEŘINKOVÁ
Historic public cemeteries, thanks to their social function, are an integral part of urban areas. They exemplify a relationship and respect for values which were created by previous generations. A relatively large extent of the historic public cemeteries, founded during the 18th and 19th century, have been preserved until now in the Czech Republic. Some of them could be extended to fulfil their social function to this day. But some of them, thanks to fast development, have appeared in central zones of urban areas and therefore have ceased to fulfil their original function. Other cemeteries ceased their activity and instead, housing estates, factories or parks were created. In some cases, the original ethical principles were not respected. Questions arise here: what is and what will be the fate of historic public cemeteries which cease to fulfil their function? How will the outcome be handled by representatives, investors and conservationists? The aim of this article is to explain the influence of urban structures on cemeteries as well as how cemeteries influence urban structures and adaptation of these areas to meet its current needs and the needs of the society. It will also give a prognosis for the further development of cemeteries within towns.
cemetery, urban area, Czech Republic, grave, cemetery wall