GREEN ENERGY SEAPORT SUGGESTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN DAMIETTA PORT, EGYPT
Free (open access)
67 - 77
ALSNOSY BALBAA, NOHA H. EL-AMARY
Having a sustainable, clean, efficient and economic environment is one of the main requirements of humanity. The seaport is such an environment, which needs care to be maintained as a sustainable green environment. This research provides a model for attaining a sustainable green port with the utilization of two mutual sequential renewable energies, which are Biomass and photovoltaic (PV) energy. This research plans to cover the whole electrical power generation of the seaport model after ten years using biomass and PV energy. Further, the research suggests the selling of extra electrical energy to the Egyptian Unified Electrical Power Network and the nearby loads. The project is held in two main stages. The first stage is the intermediate stage in which both green energy and the conventional electrical energy from the power grid will supply the port. In the second (final) stage, the green renewable energy will cover the consumption of the targeted seaport and sell the excess to the unified grid or the nearby costumers. The combination of biomass and PV electrical power generation can lead to an integrated efficient green energy port model. The research model will be applied to Damietta seaport, which is located 10 km to the west of the Nile River (Damietta Branch). It is assumed that by 2021 more than 50% of Damietta seaport electrical energy will be supplied by both biomass electrical generated energy and PV power generation. By 2026, green energy generation will have covered all the port requirements for electrical energy, and the extra power will have been diverted to the Egyptian unified electrical power network.
sustainable development, green energy, clean-renewable energy, photovoltaic energy, biomass energy, seaport, Damietta seaport