WIT Press


The Effect Of Air Pollution On Children’s Health: A Comparative Study Between La Plata And Bahía Blanca, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/EID140561

Volume

181

Pages

12

Page Range

659 - 670

Published

2014

Size

451 kb

Author(s)

J. E. Colman Lerner, A. Morales, M. Aguilar, D. Giulani, M. Orte, J. Ditondo, V. I. Dodero, L. Massolo, E. Y. Sánchez, N. Matamoros & A. Porta

Abstract

We present the results of a study of outdoor air quality in two comparable regions of Buenos Aires province (Argentina); La Plata and Bahía Blanca, developed jointly by researchers of the National University in both cities, and of the Hospital of Bahía Blanca, between 2009 and 2011. Both regions are characterized by a large petrochemical complex and a village with outstanding traffic. In this study, we measure levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), particulate matter suspended in air (PM) in air outdoor and affectation of respiratory system in children between 6 and 12 years. Also, analysis of the effect of the air pollution exposure was made through the calculation of potentially increased life time cancer risk (LCR) in children. In both regions, including three areas: urban, industrial and residential (reference area), 20 VOCs were sampled by passive monitoring (3M 3500), and determined by GC/FID, comprising n-alkanes, cycloalkanes, aromatics, chlorinated compounds,

Keywords

air pollution, VOCs, PM, spirometry