Design And Performance Investigation Of A Thermal Back-up System For Hybrid Drying
Free (open access)
921 - 931
T. A. Yassen, H. H. Al-Kayiem & K. Habib
A major setback in the solar drying technique is the lack of solar energy during cloudy and rainy days as well as during the night. Thus, the hybrid solar – thermal drying techniques are feasible as a practical solution. This paper presents the design, fabrication, and test of a thermal back-up unit comprising a burner and a gas to gas heat exchanger. The test was accomplished with a feeding rate of 0.426 and 0.271 kg/hr of coal. Results have shown that the temperature of the supplied hot air at the feeding rate of 0.426 kg/hr, was higher than the ambient temperature by 60ºC maximum, while it is 40ºC maximum with feeding rate of 0.271 kg/hr. The decrease in the feeding rate of coal leads to a stable hot air temperature for a long time of burning. The present thermal back-up unit is feasible for providing hot air suitable for the drying of any type of agriculture, forest, and food products. The advantage of using such a system is important in the rural areas, where it operates and performs hybrid drying, free of electricity. Keywords: hybrid drying, thermal back up, solar drying, food products, agriculture products.
Keywords: hybrid drying, thermal back up, solar drying, food products, agriculture products.