WIT Press


Coexistence Of Industry And Agriculture For Urban Planning

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/SC130702

Volume

179

Pages

10

Page Range

825 - 834

Published

2013

Size

704 kb

Author(s)

E. Hanada, T. H. Goh, H. Gotoh & M. Takezawa

Abstract

Urban planning is an important national issue. It is both a technical and a political process concerned with controlling the use of land and designing the urban environment. Urban renewal can be incorporated into urban planning by adapting urban planning methods to existing cities in decline. We considered how industry and agriculture could coexist in urban plans in this paper. Moringa fields have been in the spotlight all over the world recently. Moringa, native to parts of Africa and Asia, is the sole genus in the flowering plant family Moringaceae. Moringa grows quickly in many types of environments. Much of the plant is edible by humans or by farm animals. Feeding the high-protein leaves to cattle has shown to increase weight gain by up to 32% and milk production by 43 to 65%. The seeds contain 30 to 40% oil that is high in oleic acid, while defatted meal is 61% protein. The defatted meal is a flocculant and can be used in water purification to settle out sediments and undesirable organisms. Moringa is being used as biodiesel in many developing countries. Three advantages of this source of biodiesel are that it is not in direct competition with food consumption, the high yield of Moringa trees allows it to be produced in large quantities, and its biodiesel has a better oxidative stability than other biodiesels. When the pods are harvested to produce biofuel, the trees keep on growing. If Moringa forests are planned and created in a country, refineries can be built nearby, so that country’s economic growth can be expected. A plan for creating Moringa farming and forestry in cities and towns is described in this paper. Keywords: urban planning, Moringa, farming, forest, biodiesel.

Keywords

Keywords: urban planning, Moringa, farming, forest, biodiesel.