The Sustainable Architectural Design Of Post-disaster Reconstruction Of The Aboriginal Settlements In Taiwan
Free (open access)
451 - 459
Due to the influence of global change, the frequency of natural disasters in Taiwan has risen in recent years. Typhoon Morakot wrought catastrophic damage in August 2009, leaving 461 people dead and 192 others missing, most of whom are feared dead. In addition to roughly $3.3 billion USD accrued in damages, many human settlements were destroyed and inhabitants were forced to leave their homeland; this was especially true for the indigenous aboriginal people. Various effective measures were immediately mobilized by the Post-Disaster Reconstruction Council. Different community reconstruction plans were eventually organized, which focused on rebuilding living spaces and related facilities for the affected inhabitants. Although various architectural programs were carried out to establish temporary settlements on new sites for impacted communities, the new buildings are somehow considered unacceptable or inappropriate by inhabitants. The focus of this research is to analyze the sustainability of reconstructing aboriginal settlements and communities in Taiwan. The goal of this research is to systematically induce the key problems by means of case study. Not only are site selection, environmental assessment, and building type discussed, but the influence of different socio-economic and cultural issues are also considered. The sustainable considerations of architectural design are concluded as a result of this research. More appropriate design concepts will also be proposed to integrate into further post-disaster reconstruction programs. Keywords: post-disaster, reconstruction plans, architectural design, aboriginal settlement.
Keywords: post-disaster, reconstruction plans, architectural design, aboriginal settlement.