WIT Press


Application Of ADMS And AERMOD Models To Study The Dispersion Of Vehicular Pollutants In Urban Areas Of India And The United Kingdom

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/AIR120011

Volume

157

Pages

10

Page Range

3 - 12

Published

2012

Size

568 kb

Author(s)

S. Nagendra, M. Khare, S. Gulia, P. Vijay, V. S. Chithra, M. Bell & A. Namdeo

Abstract

Urban air pollution poses a significant threat to human health, the environment and the quality of life of people throughout the world. In the United Kingdom 103 areas have been declared as local air quality management areas (LAQMA). While in India, 72 cities have been identified as cities having poor air quality/non-attainment area, i.e., the air quality in these cities are exceeding prescribed National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). The transport sector is the principal source of local air pollution in urban areas, because of the increased vehicular population, vehicle kilometres travelled (VKT) and lack of infrastructure development. Many mathematical models have been widely used as tools in local air quality management in developed countries. Among them, ADMS [1] and AERMOD [2] models have been widely used for urban air quality management in Europe and the US, respectively. However, their applications are limited in developing countries like India due to the lack of readily available input data, time and the cost involved in collecting the required model input data. In this paper the performance evaluation of ADMS and AERMOD in predicting particulate matter (PM) concentrations at road sides in Chennai, India and Newcastle, UK is discussed.

Keywords

air quality models, vehicular pollution, AERMOD, ADMS—urban, statistical indicator and performance evaluation