WIT Press


Electrodeposition Of Zn-Mn Alloys From Recycling Battery Leach Solutions In The Presence Of Amines

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/SW100341

Volume

142

Pages

12

Page Range

367 - 378

Published

2010

Size

3310 kb

Author(s)

P. S. D. Brito, S. Patrício, L. F. Rodrigues, D. M. F. Santos & C. A. C. Sequeira

Abstract

The recovery of metal ions by electrodeposition from solutions resulting from the lixiviation of spent Zn-MnO2 batteries was studied. It was attempted to optimise the electrodeposition process, the selectivity of ion-separation, the morphologic characteristics, and the anticorrosive and galvanic properties of metallic deposits. The simultaneous deposition of zinc and manganese on different ferrous substrates under various experimental conditions was tested. This allowed us to access the efficiency of the electrodeposition, the morphology and composition of the metallic deposits, as well as their performance as galvanic coating layers. The effect of amine additives, namely, of methylamine and ethylenediamine, on the properties of the coatings was also studied. It was shown that the amines with buffering or passivating effects improve the simultaneous deposition of Mn. Keywords: Zn-Mn electrodeposition, Zn-MnO2 battery recycling, electrolyte additives. 1 Introduction The growing quantity of spent Zn-MnO2 battery disposals is becoming a serious environmental problem. From an environmental point of view, recycling is the best choice to handle these residues. Recycling of metals present in the cells can be done either through hydrometallurgical or pyrometallurgical processes. The hydrometallurgical process involving electrochemical zinc and manganese

Keywords

Zn-Mn electrodeposition, Zn-MnO2 battery recycling, electrolyteadditives