WIT Press


Liquefaction Processes And Characterization Of Liquefied Products From Waste Woody Materials In Different Acidic Catalysts

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/SW100321

Volume

142

Pages

12

Page Range

343 - 354

Published

2010

Size

3,441 kb

Author(s)

Q. Wang, Q. Chen, P. Apaer, N. Kashiwagi, H. Kurokawa, K. Sugiyama, X. Wang & X. Guo

Abstract

The liquefaction process is one of the promising techniques for effective utilization of woody biomass, for the lignocelluloses can be converted to liquid reactive material, as eco-polymeric materials. Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria Japonica), as an abundant waste softwood material, was selected and used in our wood liquefaction experiment. In order to investigate the basic characteristics and potentially harmful metal contents, the composition and metal elements of waste woody samples had been determined, and based on the methods of Japanese Industrial Standard (JIS) and by an ICP-AES, separately. Then the waste woody samples were liquefied by a phenol wood liquefaction according to the orthogonal test L9 (34), in order to obtain relatively less residue by different reaction conditions. It is thought that sulfuric acid plays an important role in retarding the condensation reaction during the acid-catalyzed phenol liquefaction because of the dehydration, and it can be summarized that the most influential factors of the wood liquefaction conditions were obtained within the setting ranges on four factors and three levels by using the orthogonal tests. In the acidic catalyst comparison experiment, as a result, when using concentrated sulfuric acid as the strong acidic catalyst, the minimum of residual content had reached 9.71%. According to these experimental results, the new liquefied samples

Keywords

waste woody materials, liquefaction, phenol, liquefied products, orthogonal test, viscosity, acidic catalysts