WIT Press


Indoor Air Quality Assessment In A School Building In Chennai City, India

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/AIR100241

Volume

136

Pages

12

Page Range

275 - 286

Published

2010

Size

364 kb

Author(s)

S. M. Shiva Nagendra & P. Sri Harika

Abstract

During recent years, concerns over the effects of poor indoor air quality (IAQ) have been increased and wide spectrums of symptoms/illnesses are related to indoor air pollution in many urban centers of the world. In India, it is estimated that about half a million women and children die per year due to indoor air pollution. Therefore, maintaining an acceptable IAQ is important in places such as schools, corporate office buildings, hospitals and houses. It is hypothesized that the higher indoor pollutant concentrations of the buildings located near busy traffic roads are mostly influenced by elevated outdoor vehicular pollutant concentrations. In this paper an attempt has been made to analyze the indoor air quality of a naturally ventilated school building, Kendriya Vidyalaya, located in the Central Leather Research Institute (CLRI), Chennai, India. This building is located close to an urban road with heavy traffic flow, within a range of 100 m from the busy traffic junction. The indoor pollutants, namely carbon monoxide (CO) and carbon dioxide (CO2), along with meteorological parameters such as temperature and relative humidity, have been measured inside the school building. The vehicular pollutant CO has also been measured at the road side to develop the indoor and outdoor CO relationship. Further, a questionnaire survey has also been conducted to evaluate the general environmental conditions (sick building syndrome) of the school building. The result indicated that hourly the CO2 concentration inside the school room is 927 ppm during morning working hours (10.00a.m). This concentration is close to standard value of 1000 ppm specified by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), USA. The measured CO concentrations inside the school building are well within the standard. During

Keywords

indoor air pollution, natural ventilation, monitoring, meteorology, school building, traffic, outdoor air pollutants, exposure, health effects, questionnaire survey, IAQ standard