WIT Press

Flood Refuge Measures In The Vicinity Of Urban Rivers


Free (open access)

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Page Range

167 - 177




3,622 kb


H. Gotoh, M. Takezawa, Y. Maeno & H. Oshiki


Flood hazards in urban areas have decreased markedly in recent years due to the implementation of measures such as dikes, weirs, water gates and other mitigation methods. Consequently, the population of developed or redeveloped urban areas near river basins and coastal areas has increased considerably, and a concomitant increase has been observed in the number of high-rise office buildings and apartments on the alluvium of old urban rivers. While the residents of these structures are sensitive to earthquake damage, they are relatively unaware of the risks associated with flooding. While several flood refuges exist in the vicinity of urban rivers, the intended purpose of these refuges has come to be regarded as that of earthquake emergency measures rather than a measure intended for flooding. Consequently, the placement of many of these emergency refuges does not consider the risk of inundation. In this report, the present condition of such refuge sites in the low lying areas of Tokyo is examined. We also investigated the attitude of residents living in high-rise apartment buildings and detached houses toward flood hazards. Finally, we proposed flood refuge measures that could be implemented to minimize the risk of disaster. Keywords: flooding, refuge site, attitude survey, high-rise apartment building. 1 Introduction Recently, because of the associated convenience and good living environment, many people have moved to the urban coastal area of Tokyo. In response to this increased demand, numerous detached houses and high-rise apartment buildings have been built by developers in this area, despite the fact that the coastal areas of Tokyo are potentially at risk from flooding. This increased risk is primarily


flooding, refuge site, attitude survey, high-rise apartment building