WIT Press


Use Of Video Imagery To Test Model Predictions Of Surf Heights

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/CP090041

Volume

126

Pages

12

Page Range

39 - 50

Published

2009

Size

472 kb

Author(s)

D. Huntley, A. Saulter, K. Kingston & R. Holman

Abstract

This paper describes a new method of estimating breaking wave heights from video images of the surf zone, and uses the method to test real-time numerical model predictions based on global and regional winds. The test site is an exposed beach on the southwest coast of the United Kingdom (Perranporth, Cornwall). Breaking wave height estimates based on the video technique are found to be accurate to at least ±30%. The model predictions show a linear correlation with video-derived wave heights with a regression coefficient of 0.82 and slope of 0.93 However individual comparisons can differ by up to a factor of 2 for wave heights around 1m, reducing to around 1.5 for a wave height of 3m. The primary causes of error are likely to be inadequate bathymetry near the coast and wind speed errors offshore. Keywords: breaking wave heights, coastal video imagery, wave modelling. 1 Introduction Wave breaking at the shoreline creates one of the most energetic natural environments and is responsible for the generation of strong currents and for moulding the constantly changing morphology of the coastal environment. The processes of wave breaking and its consequences are however complex and still far from being fully understood. Modelling and hindcasting breaking wave heights and associated currents and evolving nearshore morphologies over timescales of weeks and years appear to

Keywords

breaking wave heights, coastal video imagery, wave modelling