WIT Press


Design Of Stream Barbs For Field Scale Application At Sawmill Creek, Ottawa

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/RM090261

Volume

124

Pages

12

Page Range

281 - 292

Published

2009

Size

1,376 kb

Author(s)

E. C. Jamieson, C. D. Rennie & R. D. Townsend

Abstract

A three-dimensional numerical model Simulation in Intakes with Multiblock option (SSIIM) was used to model the effects of placing a series of barbs along an unstable section of Sawmill Creek, a small urban stream in the city of Ottawa, Canada. Stream barbs (a type of submerged groyne) are low-profile linear rock structures that prevent the erosion of stream banks by redirecting high velocity flow away from the bank. As they can be built at a relatively low cost and also provide significant ecological benefit, these structures are an important and relatively new method of stream bank protection. The numerical model was used to assess various design alternatives for a series of seven stream barbs at two consecutive channel bends requiring stabilization measures along their outer banks. Design criteria were principally based on the goals of reducing local velocities, shear stress and subsequent erosion at the outside bank of each bend, and on moving the thalweg away from the (existing) outside bank regions towards the centre of the channel. This paper reports on (i) the unique site conditions and environmental protection requirements, (ii) the results of the numerical simulation, and (iii) the design methodology. Keywords: barb, submerged groyne, channel bend, field study, numerical model.

Keywords

barb, submerged groyne, channel bend, field study, numerical model