The Complex Planning Of Innovation
Free (open access)
581 - 590
Planning processes of nature bridges in densely populated urban fringe areas in the Netherlands have been studied. They are seen as highly innovative; therefore more insight is necessary in their planning processes. As the planning processes are considered as dynamic open complex systems, they have been redescribed using terms and graphs of Complexity Theory in order to better understand the processes. The Breda urban corridor has been described in depth using data gathered by open in depth interviews following a Grounded Theory approach. The redescription showed that the innovation was an unexpected result of a complex planning process. It is discussed that this example is not anecdotic. Unexpected results are part of the development of complex processes. A narrative can be constructed looking back in time. Looking forward the only possible prediction can be that unexpected results can occur in every complex planning process. Keywords: Complexity Theory, urban planning, planning processes, innovation, nature bridge, Grounded Theory, narrative.
Complexity Theory, urban planning, planning processes, innovation, nature bridge, Grounded Theory, narrative