WIT Press


Utilization Of Organic Refuse Compost For Agricultural Production On Material Recycling Society

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/ECO090471

Volume

122

Pages

10

Page Range

513 - 522

Published

2009

Size

261 kb

Author(s)

S. Mishima, A. Endo, Y. Shirato1 & S. D. Kimura

Abstract

We estimated the amount of compost derived from livestock excreta, food refuse and sewage sludge as possible industrial organic resources, and the capacity of farmland to utilize these composts on national and regional scales in Japan in 2005. Japan could produce 11.9 Tg, 5.8 Tg and 2.0 Tg of livestock manure, food refuse compost and sewage sludge compost, respectively. The amount of manure required to maintain soil fertility was calculated as 40.0 Tg cattle manure. This capacity would mean that farmland could utilize all organic refuse compost on a national scale, although the variation among regions in potential compost production and utilization capacity means that not all regions would be able to utilize all of their organic refuse compost. The potential for refuse recycling in regions with intensive livestock farming and/or a large population would be quickly exhausted. To reuse valuable fertilizer ingredients, especially phosphorus, in organic refuse, other means, such as extracting phosphorus from incineration ash and during sewage processing, should be considered. Keywords: livestock excreta, food refuse, sewage sludge, compost, farmland.

Keywords

livestock excreta, food refuse, sewage sludge, compost, farmland