Multibody Dynamics Approaches Of The Humerus-shoulder Complex Driven By Multimuscle Activations And Constraints
Free (open access)
T. Tsuta, Y. Takeda & T. Iwamoto
A multibody dynamics approach of the humerus-shoulder complex (HSC), driven by a musculoskeletal system has been developed in this paper, and the continuum mechanics modeling of skeletal-muscles with the evolutional constitutive law of Hatze has been created at the same time. The constitutive equations are formulated using the link coordinates at first, and then transformed to the common global coordinate system. Based on the updated Lagrangian approach, the human multibody dynamics for a multiple bone-joints system driven by muscle activations has been formulated using the kinetic and potential energies stored in the respective muscles and bone-joint system. Since the governing equations of motion and the dynamic equilibrium equation includes statically indeterminate problems such as the multimuscles constraint for joint torques, they have been formulated, and solved, using Lagrangian multiplyer approaches, under prescribed constraint and applied load conditions. Finally, an actual application to the assistive technology of a stand-up motion, aided by the humerus-shoulder complex for lifting one’s own upper body, has been analysed and compared with those of experiment, and the applicability of the method developed has been clarified. Keywords: humerous-shoulder complex, multimuscle activations and constraints, multibody dynamics, updated Lagrangian approach, Lagrangian multiplyer’s approach, muscle’s statically indeterminate problems, application to assistive technology.
humerous-shoulder complex, multimuscle activations and constraints, multibody dynamics, updated Lagrangian approach, Lagrangian multiplyer’s approach, muscle’s statically indeterminate problems, application to assistive technology.