WIT Press


Finite Element Analyses Of Impacted Allografts For Total Hip Arthoplasty

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/BSIM960151

Volume

3

Pages

10

Published

1996

Size

1,137 kb

Author(s)

S.P.G. Madabhushi, A.S. Usmani, D.R. Fairbairn & M. Rajalakshmi

Abstract

Finite element analyses of impacted allografts for total hip arthoplasty S.P.G. Madabhushi," A.S. Usmani/ D.R. Fairbairn," M. Rajalakshmi^ "Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK * Associate, 1 IB Double Hedges Park, Liberton, Edinburgh, UK ABSTRACT Over 800,000 total hip replacement (THR) operations are performed each year in the UK. A third of these operations fail due to aseptic loosening of the prosthesis. The revision surgeries are carried out using the 'Impaction grafting technique' introduced in Exeter in 1987. This technique largely depends on the mechanical strength of the impacted bone graft into which the prosthesis is fixed. As the patient mobilises the bone graft must withstand forces of 2.5 to 3.5 times the body weight during normal walking. In this paper we consider the effects of these forces on the bone graft-prosthesis system. The stresses and deformations in different regions of the Femur and bone graft under

Keywords