WIT Press

Design Of New Trileaflet Heart Valves: Computational Mechanics Study

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/BIO950641

Volume

2

Pages

8

Published

1995

Size

617 kb

Author(s)

S. Mantero, E. Di Martino, R. Sesana & R. Pietrabissa

Abstract

In this study differently shaped trileaflet valves have been designed and structurally examined by FEM-analysis. Aim of this preliminary work is to choose the valve geometry for the prototyping of a valve in a polyurethane polymer. Mechanical fatigue properties of polyurethane polymers do not provide a good valve durability. We developed new design features, a semi-open configuration at rest for the leaflets and a wireframe-like expansible stent, in order to improve valve durability by means of better stress distribution. For a comparative evaluation three different leaflet geometries and two stents have been modelled. The leaflet geometries at zero stress condition are: spherical surface (va

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