WIT Press

Characterization of road traffic externalities in an intercity corridor


Free (open access)


Volume 3 (2019), Issue 3



Page Range

222 - 231

Paper DOI



WIT Press


Carlos Sampaio, Eloísa Macedo, Margarida C. Coelho, Jorge M. Bandeira


This paper aims at evaluating road transport externalities in an intercity corridor taking into account the energetic and economic characterization of the available road transport modes: intercity bus, individual transport and shared mobility. One of the purposes of this analysis is to identify the external costs (EC) and private costs (PC) of each mode/route and to which extent the best environmental option can be also considered as the best economical option. Results show the intercity bus at full or half occupancy is the best option in terms of EC, followed by the shared mobility. Regarding the PC, results suggest that the best option is the shared mobility along route 1 (motorway), followed by the intercity bus. When comparing both routes, route 1 has less PC than route 2 (national road). In order to reduce the overall environmental impacts of a transport system, one solution might be the reduction of the EC through an optimization of the PC, ensuring that the option with less EC is also the option with less PC, so that it can encourage users to choose routes and transport modes with less environmental impacts.


externalities costs, intercity bus, intercity corridors, private costs, shared mobility