Socio-economic effects of solar home systems in Jordan Badia – A case study in Rawthat Al-Bandan village
Free (open access)
Volume 14 (2019), Issue 3
191 - 201
Mohammad H. Al-Smairan, Saad M. Alayyash & Rania S. Shatnawi
In light of advancements in energy sources in remote areas of Jordan that occurred at the onset of the 21st century, it is crucial to explore how solar energy has been applied as one of the most vital innovative and renewable sources of energy. A 400 watt-peak solar photovoltaic (PV) stand-alone system with battery storage was created to generate an economical PV energy to supply electricity to remote areas that cannot be served by power grid because of long distances and high cost. This system was applied and assessed in terms of its socio-economic effects between April and May 2016. The system is made up of eight 50 watt-peak 12-volt solar modules mounted on a metal frame. Seven houses and a school were each provided with a 400 Watt-peak system, and these systems are assessed to determine their social and economic practically. A survey regarding the socio-economic effects of the systems was also given to users, the results of which indicated that, on average, the beneficiaries had increased time staying awake and later sleeping in the evening than when they used their old system and spent more time watching TV. Other information provided by participants showed that some users bought TVs, cassette players, washing machines and fans following the implementation of the solar system in their houses. Findings also indicated that they stopped using kerosene for lighting following their obtaining the solar system. With the exception of faults to the isolated battery and lamp manufacturing, no major issues or downsides were seen in using the designed solar system, according to the observations of participants who had used it. Assessment of the new system suggests that it has great effects on the socio-economic situation, is easy to use, can be replicated, plays a huge role in improving living standards, heightens awareness of national issues via mass media exposure, enhances children’s educational habits and generally enhances the rural way of life.
Badia; Impacts; Jordan; Remote and rural; Socio-economic; Solar home systems