MEASUREMENT OF SYSTEM COORDINATION DEGREE OF CHINA NATIONAL SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITIES
Free (open access)
Volume 12 (2017), Issue 5
922 - 932
J.X. WU, X.M. WANG, X. WANG & W.J. PENG
Local governments in China have been presented with an opportunity to become more sustainable through the program of China National Sustainable Communities (CNSCs). This program is aimed at guiding CNSCs toward sustainable development among resources, economy, environment and society. This article is focused on coordinated development patterns of CNSCs, in which the integrated coordination of CNSCs was analyzed. The entire process of the coordinated development of CNSCs being taken as object of study, the concept of coordination degree for CNSCs was proposed and a coordination degree evaluation system framework for CNSCs was built, which was divided into four subsystems, namely resource, economic, environment and social subsystems. Furthermore, a coordination degree evaluation indicator system for CNSCs was set up and the index weight was calculated based on component importance with the method of Principal Components Analysis used for data analysis. Finally, an evaluation model for coordination degrees of CNSCs was established. Besides, a hierarchy for coordination degrees to evaluate sustainable development levels was also set up. For application of the proposed model and the hierarchy for coordination degrees of CNSCs, two national sustainable communities, Chengmai county and Baisha county in Hainan Province, were analyzed for case study.
China National Sustainable Communities, construction, coordination degree, evaluation