Hydrological efficiency evaluation tool of urban stormwater best management practices
Free (open access)
Volume 10 (2015), Issue 4
435 - 452
A. ROMNÉE & A. DE HERDE
The Brussels Environment Agency designed a decision-support tool (QUADEAU) for the sustainable management of stormwater in urban and developed areas. The tool aims to evaluate and compare alternative scenarios for reducing water runoff in public spaces inside any neighbourhood. QUADEAU is an easy to use tool for urban designers and watershed practitioners allowing the evaluation of the hydrological efficiency of any public space in a renovation or a new urban project designed with best management practices (BMP). It is a tool thought out to provide processes of optimization and selection of BMP to meet the hydrological objectives and the program needs of the public space project. This paper describes how QUADEAU is setup and how BMP are evaluated inside the tool. Any public space project is modelled in the tool by giving spe- cific characteristics of all areas of the project. Connections between surfaces of the project are introduced within the tool by creating flow networks. BMPs are selected according to site constraints and program requirements of the urban project before being designed by giving values to specific parameters for each BMP selected. The hydrological efficiency of the project, i.e. the amount of water that does not reach the outlet because it has been managed earlier in BMP, is evaluated during and after the design rain event. The tool gives the user the opportunity to optimize his project if the hydrological efficiency does not match the hydrological thresholds determined in function of the imperviousness of the neighbourhood, the type of project and the local hydrology.
Best management practices, design-support tool, modelling and simulation tool, sustainable storm- water management.