Vernacular housing in Algiers: A semantic and passive architecture
Free (open access)
Volume 10 (2015), Issue 2
154 - 164
L. ADLI-CHEBAIKI & N. CHABBI-CHEMROUK
This paper examines passive systems in vernacular housing in Algiers, using the villa Abd-el- as a case study. It may contribute towards potential solutions for the world energy crisis and provides an example of the main- tenance and development of semantic criteria. A synthesis of both semantic and passive principles, the villa Abd-el-Tif, is one of the best examples of the harmonization of interior comfort, stylistic attributes and pleasant views.
This paper describes the role of the stylistic and architectural elements that contribute to the comfort of vernacular houses in Algiers, in terms of passive systems. The villa Abd-el-Tif consists of elements including the west ed-dar (central courtyard), s’hin (galleries), k’bou (ancillary rooms topped with a cupola) and minzah (terraces) that make up a passive cooling and ventilation system in summer.
Finally, the role of architectural design in the creation of passive systems that are in harmony with regional climatic conditions is described using a qualitative approach and a representative example.
passive system, semantic criteria, stylistic elements, vernacular architecture