FERROFLUIDIC PLUG FLOW HEAT TRANSFER ENHANCEMENT
Free (open access)
Volume 6 (2018), Issue 2
291 - 302
NICOLETTE GAN JIA GUI, CAMERON STANLEY, NAM-TRUNG NGUYEN & GARY ROSENGARTEN
Overheating of power electronic devices has become a significant issue due to their continued miniaturization and increased heat flux that needs to be dissipated. Microchannel heat sinks utilising two-phase flow are capable of very high heat transfer rates and represent a possible means of cooling such devices. In this paper, we focus on two-phase liquid–liquid plug flow using water-based ferrofluid (magnetic nanofluid) plugs as the dispersed phase and silicone oil as the continuous phase. An external magnetic field was applied to generate enhanced mixing of the microfluidic flow. We show that material properties of the ferrofluid plug influence heat transfer properties of the microfluidic flow, and demonstrate that cooling performance is further enhanced by the application of an external magnetic field, which induces mixing. We also show that microchannel heat transfer using a ferrofluid is superior to that using de-ionized water as the dispersed phase for two-phase liquid-liquid plug flow.
electronics cooling, ferrofluid, heat transfer, magnetic field, microfluidic, two-phase