ON THE SOLUTION OF THE PROBLEM OF A DROP FALLING AGAINST A PLANE BY USING A LEVEL SET – MOVING MESH – IMMERSED BOUNDARY METHOD
Free (open access)
Volume 6 (2018), Issue 1
208 - 219
ENRIQUE GUTIÉRREZ, FEDERICO FAVRE, NÉSTOR BALCÁZAR & JOAQUIM RIGOLA
A coupled Conservative Level Set – Moving Mesh – Immersed Boundary method is formulated and validated against the three-dimensional gravity-driven falling drop problem. First, by employing Conservative Level-Set (CLS) method, the multiphase domain can be successfully handled, while the mass conservation is controlled. Then, by using an Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian formulation (i.e. a moving mesh), the simulation domain can be optimized by reducing the domain size and by allowing an improved mesh, resulting in a computational resources saving. Finally, the use of an Immersed Boundary (IB) method allows to deal with intricate geometries. All these functionalities result in a versatile and robustness method to simulate bubbles/drops problems in complex geometries. The mentioned method was successfully used to thoroughly study the falling of a drop against a plane surface, providing detailed results including velocity evolution, mesh independence study, evolution of the vertical position of the drop, streamlines and vorticity fields, and profiles evolution.
arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian, complex geometries, falling drop, finite volume method, fluid-structure interaction, immersed boundary, level set, multiphase flow, open boundary condition, unstructured mesh