WIT Press


NUMERICAL STUDY OF AN IMPULSE WAVE GENERATED BY A SLIDING MASS



Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/CMEM-V6-N1-98-109

Volume

Volume 6 (2018), Issue 1

Pages

11

Page Range

98 - 109

Author(s)

EUGENIO SCHILLACI, FEDERICO FAVRE, OSCAR ANTEPARA, NÉSTOR BALCÁZAR & ASENSI OLIVA

Abstract

In this work, a numerical framework for the direct numerical simulation of tsunami waves generated by landslide events is proposed. The method, implemented on the TermoFluids numerical platform, adopts a free surface model for the simulation of momentum equations; thus, considering the effect of air on the flow physics negligible. The effect of the solid motion on the flow is taken into account by means of a direct forcing immersed boundary method (IBM).

The method is available for 3-D unstructured meshes; however, it can be integrated with an adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) tool to dynamically increase the local definition of the mesh in the vicinity of the interfaces, which separate the phases or in the presence of vortical structures.

The method is firstly validated by simulating the entrance of objects into still water surfaces for 2-D and 3-D configurations. Next, the case of tsunami generation from a subaerial landslide is studied and the results are validated by comparison to experimental and numerical measurements. Overall, the model demonstrates its efficiency in the simulation of this type of physics, and a wide versatility in the choice of the domain discretization.

Keywords

3-D unstructured mesh, AMR, CFD, conservative level-set, finite-volume discretization, fluids–solid interaction, free-surface model, immersed boundary method, tsunami simulation