WIT Press


Multi-objective Optimization Of Vehicle Occupant Restraint System By Using Evolutionary Algorithm With Response Surface Model



Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/CMEM-V5-N2-163-170

Volume

Volume 5 (2017), Issue 2

Pages

10

Page Range

163 - 173

Author(s)

H. HORII

Abstract

This research reports a vehicle occupant restraint system design by using evolutionary multi-objective optimization with response surface model. The vehicle occupant restraint systems are composed of restraint equipment, such as an airbag, a seat belt and a knee bolster. The optimization aims to improve the safety of the system by evaluating some indexes based on some safety regulations. Estimation mod- els of the safety indexes are introduced for accelerating the optimization. The estimation models, which are called the response surface models, are constructed by using Gaussian Process, which is a kind of machine learning method. The Gaussian Process constructs the estimation model from sampling results, which are calculated by using multi-body dynamics simulation. Some helpful information for designing the restraint systems, such as trade-off information of safety performance and contribution of design variables for the safety performance, is obtained by analysing the Pareto optimal solutions. 

Keywords

evolutionary algorithm, machine learning, multi-objective optimization, occupant safety.