Multi-objective optimization of vehicle occupant restraint system by using evolutionary algorithm with response surface model
Free (open access)
Volume 5 (2017), Issue 2
163 - 173
This research reports a vehicle occupant restraint system design by using evolutionary multi-objective optimization with response surface model. The vehicle occupant restraint systems are composed of restraint equipment, such as an airbag, a seat belt and a knee bolster. The optimization aims to improve the safety of the system by evaluating some indexes based on some safety regulations. Estimation mod- els of the safety indexes are introduced for accelerating the optimization. The estimation models, which are called the response surface models, are constructed by using Gaussian Process, which is a kind of machine learning method. The Gaussian Process constructs the estimation model from sampling results, which are calculated by using multi-body dynamics simulation. Some helpful information for designing the restraint systems, such as trade-off information of safety performance and contribution of design variables for the safety performance, is obtained by analysing the Pareto optimal solutions.
evolutionary algorithm, machine learning, multi-objective optimization, occupant safety.