High Level Radioactive Waste (HLW) Disposal
A Global Challenge
Authors: R. Pusch, Luleå Technical University, Sweden; R. Yong, North Saanich, Canada; M. Nakano, The University of Tokyo, Japan
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High Level Radioactive Waste (HLW) Disposal: A Global Challenge presents the most recent information on proposed methods of disposal for the most dangerous radioactive waste and for assessing their function from short- and long-term perspectives. It discusses new aspects of the disposal of such waste, especially HLW.
The book is unique in the literature in making it clear that, due to tectonics and long-term changes in rock structure, rock can serve only as a "mechanical support to the chemical apparatus" and that effective containment of hazardous elements can only be managed by properly designed and manufactured containers ("canisters"). This contradicts the common belief that the rock itself is an effective barrier to the transport of contaminants like radionuclides. The importance of the longevity of the containers becomes clear and requires a consideration of all degrading physical/chemical processes, which occupies a considerable part of the book.
The book is thus an important contribution to the literature because it proposes design principles that can make repositories for HLW radioactive waste much safer.