Transport Phenomena in Fires
Edited By: M. Faghri, University of Rhode Island, USA; B. Sundén, Lund Institute of Technology, Sweden
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WIT Transactions on State-of-the-art in Science and Engineering
Controlled fires are beneficial for the generation of heat and power while uncontrolled fires, like fire incidents and wildfires, are detrimental and can cause enormous material damage and human suffering. Transport phenomena such as buoyant flow, momentum, convective heat and mass transfer as well as chemical reactions between combustible species and oxygen from the surrounding air play important turbulent mixing are important to the mechanism of flame heat transfer that govern fire release rates. The mechanisms of ignition, flame spread, steady burning flame extinction and smoke transport all need to be considered in fire modelling. In addition, temperature-dependent properties are important factors for consideration. For uncontrolled fires, the evolution in time is of great concern.
This edited book presents the state of the art of modelling and numerical simulation of the important transport phenomena in fires. It describes how computational procedures can be used in the analysis and design of fire protection and fire safety. Computational fluid dynamics, turbulence modelling, combustion, soot formation, thermal radiation modelling are demonstrated and applied to pool fires, flame spread, wildfires, fires in buildings and other examples.
All of the chapters follow a unified outline and presentation to aid accessibility and the book provides invaluable information for both graduate researchers and R&D engineers in industry and consultancy.