A Novel Approach For Seismic Analysis Of Multi-storey Buildings
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303 - 312
Y. Belmouden & P. Lestuzzi
In this paper a novel equivalent planar-frame model with openings is presented. The model deals with seismic analysis using the Pushover method for masonry and reinforced concrete buildings. Each wall with openings can be decomposed into parallel structural walls made of an assemblage of piers and a portion of spandrels. As formulated, the structural model undergoes inelastic flexural as well as inelastic shear deformations. The mathematical model is based on the smeared cracks and distributed plasticity approach. Both zero moment location shifting in piers and spandrels can be evaluated. The constitutive laws are modelled as bilinear curves in flexure and in shear. A biaxial interaction rule for both axial force – bending moment and axial force – shear force are considered. The model can support any shape of failure criteria. An event-to-event strategy is used to solve the nonlinear problem. Two applications are used to show the ability of the model to study both reinforced concrete and unreinforced masonry structures. Relevant findings are compared to analytical results from experimental, simplified models and finite element models such as Drain3DX and the ETABS finite element package. Keywords: seismic analysis, unreinforced masonry, reinforced concrete, structural wall, equivalent frame. 1 Introduction Earthquakes are considered to be the major cause of structural failure of buildings in Europe. Despite their rarity and moderate intensity, earthquakes in the interior of northwest and central Europe have the potential to cause extensive damage and associated financial losses, due to the vulnerability of the local
seismic analysis, unreinforced masonry, reinforced concrete, structural wall, equivalent frame.