Earthquake Architecture As An Expression Of A Stronger Architectural Identity In Seismic Areas
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T. Slak & V. Kilar
This paper discusses the term \“earthquake architecture” as a result of intersection of design principles in architecture and earthquake engineering. It examines the hypothesis that the architectural design which reflects an earthquake threat might be an important source of stronger architectural identity typical for earthquake prone areas. The purpose of the paper is to encourage the development of new principles and forms of architectural design in these areas. Technology, codes and cooperation with earthquake engineers are not the only or satisfactory solutions for appropriate culturally respectful design of buildings and landscape in earthquake prone areas. The possibilities of architectural response to an earthquake threat are further analyzed. The paper describes earthquake engineering and architectural background of earthquake architecture and gives some examples of positive practise. The intensity of relations between the two fields is divided into different levels. Higher levels of intensity interfere more into the field of earthquake architecture. The given examples interpret various possible levels of cooperation within earthquake architecture. Keywords: earthquake architecture, earthquake engineering, architecture, structures in architecture, building, earthquake resistant design. 1 Introduction In the paper, the expression \“earthquake architecture” is used to refer to a particular type of architecture which arises in earthquake prone areas, as a response to the requirements of earthquake engineering and is a consequence of combining earthquake engineering and architecture. The realization of a building without a suitable earthquake resistant structure is not possible today, however, it is possible to design a building in such a way that earthquake resistance is not expressed and structural influence on architecture is minimal. In such cases we
earthquake architecture, earthquake engineering, architecture,structures in architecture, building, earthquake resistant design.