Preventing External Domino Accidents: A Framework For Enhancing Cooperation In The Chemical Process Industry (CPI)
Free (open access)
G. Reniers, W. Dullaert & K. Soudan
Empirical research on major accident safety in the second largest chemical cluster worldwide, the Antwerp port area, supports the design of a meta-technical framework for optimizing external domino prevention. First, the majority of Seveso top tier companies have expressed a willingness to cooperate more intensively to protect themselves against potential off-site major accidents. Second, Hazop What-if analysis and the Risk Matrix are interesting building blocks for such a framework and are frequently used risk analysis techniques at Seveso lower tier and Seveso top tier companies. The developed framework, called Hazwim, integrates these three complementary techniques into an effective standardized risk analysis framework for the prevention of external domino accidents in an industrial area. The main strengths of Hazwim are its completeness and its cost-effectiveness. The combination of techniques on the one hand and qualitative and quantitative data on the other, offers a comprehensive up-to-date list of cross-company domino hazards and recommended actions in the area under consideration. The Hazwim framework offers support to prevention managers and safety policy makers concerning external domino prevention. Keywords: domino accidents, knock-on accidents, escalation effects, major accidents, prevention management, cross-company prevention, chemical industry, processing industry.
domino accidents, knock-on accidents, escalation effects, major accidents, prevention management, cross-company prevention, chemical industry, processing industry.