The Integrated Supervision And Control System Of The Gran Sasso Mountain
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A high safety and security level of a complex system is very difficult to reach, guarantee and manage if the system is characterized by a peculiar complexity and physical extension, due to the elevated number of parameters to be checked and controlled. The use of human resources needs an elevated number of personnel members that could not only be unable to reach the desired goal but could also be exposed to severe risks in the presence of dangerous and emergency situations. For this reason it is necessary to use integrated supervision and control systems that are capable of managing the elevated number of parameters involved, reducing the number of personnel members and increasing their functionalities and operability. In this paper the integrated supervision and control system of the Gran Sasso mountain (Italy), characterized by a high and unique complexity from the international point of view, is illustrated. Keywords: integrated system, telecommunication system, safety system, security system, emergency management system. 1 Introduction The Gran Sasso (\“big rock”) mountain is located in the centre of Italy, about 120 km east of Rome, between the L’Aquila city province and Teramo city province, in the Abruzzo region. It belongs to a system of mountains that practically separates the Adriatic sea (east) from Tirrenian sea (west) in the middle of Italy. The higher peak of Gran Sasso mountain is represented by Corno Grande (\“big horn”), that is about 3000 metres above the sea level.
integrated system, telecommunication system, safety system, security system, emergency management system.