Urban Risk Assessment And Management In The Enlarged EU, Recent Status And Trends
Free (open access)
K. Holevas, M. Bonazountas & R. Sabanegh
A detailed qualitative study on assessing and managing urban risks, co-financed by the European Commission (EC), is in progress. Key findings and preliminary results underline the importance of safety and security issues for urban life quality. This paper presents the findings of this study aiming at proposing a European wide strategy for Urban Risks assessment and management by taking into account legal status and current practices at EU 25. A structured questionnaire was addressed to National Authorities aiming to gain an insight into existing law provisions, emergency planning and urban risk management practices. An analysis of the replies highlighted the diversity of both urban risks and emergency management structures. The risks investigated cover a range from natural catastrophes and technological failures to terrorism and intended actions threats. Risks were ranked by priority according to frequency of occurrence and consequences. The scaling of hazards, the identification and mapping of risks, the severity of consequences and matters concerning mutual assistance in major emergencies are identified as the priority fields. A refined version of the results, following consultations with the parties involved and the EC forms the basis of the project proposals. The complexity of the modern urban Environment, urbanisation trends, increasing vulnerability and the different approaches in dealing with urban risks, indicate a clear need for a common platform and a unified approach across the EU. Basic components of a suggested unified approach and an EU wide mitigation strategy are also discussed. Keywords: Security, risk mitigation, urban risk, risk assessment, risk management, strategy elements, terrorism, urbanisation, emergency response.
Security, risk mitigation, urban risk, risk assessment, risk management, strategy elements, terrorism, urbanisation, emergency response.