Seismic And Volcanic Risk Evaluation By Large Area Geo-monitoring Optical Fibre Sensor Networks: The SIMONA Project
Free (open access)
S. Sorge, A. Fanelli, C. Calisti Tassini, P. De Natale, P. Ferraro, A. Rocco, G. Pierattini & G. De Natale
As demonstrated by many lectures, seismic and volcanic phenomena are strongly related to ground deformation and gaseous emissions. Thus to mitigate environmental risks, a continuous monitoring of ground strain and of the changes in the composition of gaseous emissions can be a very useful tool. The SIMONA (Environmental Integrated Monitoring System) Project aims at fixing, realizing and experimenting an innovative regional monitoring system, based on innovative optoelectronic devices, which is able to exceed the existing limits in order to increase sensibly the interpretation of geo-physical phenomena and the long term mitigation of seismic and volcanic hazards. Keywords: optoelectronic devices, AOTF, FBG sensor, natural hazards prediction. 1 Introduction Natural hazards risk evaluation has been one on the most investigated topics by scientific community in the last decades. Nevertheless seismic and volcanic events prevention and forecasting is still one of the major goals to guarantee the quality of life in high crowded areas. Seismic and volcanic risk mitigation is essentially based on accurate processing monitoring, to follow and forecast their evolution. The most useful
optoelectronic devices, AOTF, FBG sensor, natural hazards prediction.