WIT Press


Evolution Of External Costs In Road Transportation: From Traditional Vehicles To Fuel Cell Vehicles

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/UT040551

Volume

75

Pages

10

Published

2004

Size

338 kb

Author(s)

F. Cotana & S. Togni

Abstract

Danger thresholds and upper limits of pollutant concentrations are exceeded in several Italian towns also due to specific atmospheric conditions (Italian D.M. 02.04.2002 n. 60 acknowledged Dir. Com. 1999/30/CE, Dir. Com. 2000/69/CE). In particular, PM10 and PM2.5, the inhalable fraction of particulate, constitute a health hazard for the population. Their effect on human health can be evaluated thanks to numerous epidemiological studies. In regard to acoustics, also the levels of quality and emission of noise are often exceeded in urban areas due to traffic. In the present paper the unitary external costs of noise and air pollution were estimated, coming from traditional vehicles and those running on fuel cell technology which could replace the internal combustion engines in the near future. The exter

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