WIT Press


The Role Of Transcurrent Fault Structures In Damage Typology During The Izmit And Duzce Earthquakes (Turkey, 1999)

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/ER030331

Volume

72

Pages

14

Published

2003

Size

1,312.52 kb

Author(s)

E. Lekkas

Abstract

The role of transcurrent fault structures in damage typology during the Izmit and Duzce earthquakes (Turkey, 1999) E. Lekkas University of Athens, Department of Geology, Greece Abstract The Turkish earthquakes of 17 August (Mw=7.4) and 12 November 1999 (Mw=7.1) took a heavy toll on human lives and properties. The meizoseismal areas included the towns of Izmit, Golciik, Adapazari, Duzce and Bolu. Instrumental and field reconnaissance data confirm the right-lateral reactivation fault segments along the North Anatolian Fault Zone. Along the surficial fault traces, a host of tectonic forms was observed, caused by local changes in the mean geometrical, kinematic and dynamic characteristics of the fault zone. For each case, the types of building damage are described, while we give separate descriptions for building failure caused by the kinematics of the fault blocks themselves. The examination of several cases of building collapse showed that the vast majority of RJC frame structures founded on the

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