Eco-composites Using Natural Fibres And Their Mechanical Properties
Free (open access)
K. Okubo & T. Fujii
Public attention is now being placed on the environmentally gentle composite materials using natural fibers and thermoplastics. Some different types of bamboo and jute fibers are used as reinforcement as well as kenaf and sisal fibers. This paper reviews the development of eco-composites and their mechanical properties. What fibers are applicable as reinforcement instead of industrial glass fibers is given for FRP (Fiber Reinforced Thermoset Plastics). Typical mechanical properties for some composite fabricated by injection molding and hot pressing using bamboo and jute fibers with maleic-anhydride polypropylene are given. How the combination of natural fibers (such as bamboo and jute fibers) and thermoplastics synthesized from fossil oil reduces the environmental problem is also shown. Finally, problem accompanied with fabrication of the eco-composites are summarized.