THE EXPERIMENTAL MICROCLIMATE MONITORING SYSTEM OF THE PAPAL BASILICA OF SAINT FRANCIS OF ASSISI, ITALY
Free (open access)
317 - 328
FABIO GARZIA, ALESSANDRO CULLA
Peculiar, unique and complex cultural heritage sites, such as the Papal Basilica and the Sacred Convent of Saint Francis in Assisi in Italy, need a great effort to ensure visitors security and safety, cultural heritage preservation and protection and great usability for visitors with particular reference to visitors with disabilities and for all the people and personnel normally present for the site management. This goal can be reached using integrated systems and innovative technologies, such as Internet of Everything (IoE), which allows to connect people, things (mobile terminals, smart sensors, devices, actuators, wearable devices, etc.), data/information/knowledge and processes to reach the desired purposes. The IoE system must able to implement and support an integrated multidisciplinary model for security and safety management (IMMSSM) for the specific context, using a multidisciplinary approach. From this point of view, due to the intensive presence of unique frescos and due to the enormous number of visitors that visit every year the whole Papal Basilica, it is necessary to monitor the microclimate conditions to avoid of reaching critical conditions that could activate damaging processes of the precious and unique frescos. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the experimental microclimate monitoring system of the Papal Basilica of Saint Francis in Assisi, based on suitable microclimate monitoring modules (MCCMs), which represents one of the sub-systems of a proper integrated technological systema framework based on IoE (ITSF-IoE), that is going to be realized sub-system by sub-system, to finally support an efficient IMMSSM capable of ensuring a plenty of functionalities aimed at simplifying the management of such a unique and complex site such as the considered one, not only from security and safety point of view.
cultural heritage protection, microclimate monitoring system, security management, safety management, Internet of Things, Internet of Everything, integrated security system, integrated safety system