WIT Press

Best Practices For BIM Execution Plan Development For A Public–Private Partnership Design-Build-Finance-Operate-Maintain Project


Free (open access)





Page Range

119 - 130




414 kb

Paper DOI



WIT Press


J. J. McArthur, X. Sun


Public–Private Partnership (P3), also known as Private Finance Initiative, projects are becoming an increasingly popular procurement method. These projects are uniquely challenging as they require the collaboration of the designers, constructors and operators from the earliest stages of the project, each of whom has a particular perspective. Balancing conflicting priorities and identifying where they align is a critical step in project planning. When BIM is used in these projects, it can provide substantial benefit to the project team by facilitating the information flow between stakeholders, minimizing duplication of effort and allowing the team to make informed decisions to optimize the project over its life cycle from both a delivery and usage perspective. A well-conceived BIM Execution Plan developed at the beginning of the project with input from all stakeholders and implemented by all stakeholders supports this goal. This approach ensures that information included in the model can be used throughout the project lifecycle, avoiding re-work, and allowing the team to “begin with the end on mind” and take full advantage of this project delivery method. This paper reviews best practices for using BIM in P3 projects and presents a framework to guide the development of a life cycle BIM execution plan applicable to this context, with the analysis and prioritization of use cases, identification of element data necessary over the project life cycle, and the staged inclusion of this data within the model. As it is based on the most complex of current project delivery methods, this framework is widely adaptable and can be used for the full range of project delivery techniques.


BIM, BIM Execution Plan, P3, operations, project lifecycle