Formability Evaluation Of Carbon Fiber NCF By A Non-contact 3D Strain Measurement System And The Effects Of Blank Folder Force On Its Formability
Free (open access)
317 - 326
K. Tanaka, R. Ushiyama, T. Katayama, S. Enoki & H. Sakamoto
Non-Crimp Fabric (NCF) consists of unidirectional plies, which are kept together by stitching yarns arranged in a number of different orientations relative to the fabric production direction. Since NCF has no crimp, NCF can take full advantage of the continuous carbon fibers. As NCF is deformed mainly due to shear deformation, it is difficult to form 3D shapes from it. Therefore, formability improvement of NCF by slitting a textile preform has been attempted; however, problems such as strength degradation at a notch and cost increase due to the increase of working process have occurred. So, it is necessary to improve formability of NCF without slitting. One of the methods of formability improvement is to use blank holder force. In previous studies, though the influence of blank holder force on formability of woven fabrics has been clarified, that on formability of NCF is uncertain. In this study, the hemisphere geometry punch drape test was conducted to evaluate the influence of blank holder force on the formability of NCF. Meanwhile, deformation of NCF during the drape test was measured by a non-contact 3D strain measurement system. Keywords: carbon fibers, non-crimp fabric (NCF), blank holder force, non-contact 3D strain measurement system, drape test.
carbon fibers, non-crimp fabric (NCF), blank holder force, non-contact 3D strain measurement system, drape test.