Shear Tests Of Hollow Flange Channel Beams With Stiffened Web Openings
Free (open access)
365 - 376
M. Mahendran & P. Keerthan
LiteSteel beam (LSB) is a new cold-formed steel hollow flange channel section produced using a patented manufacturing process involving simultaneous coldforming and dual electric resistance welding. The LSBs are commonly used as floor joists and bearers with web openings in residential, industrial and commercial buildings. Their shear strengths are considerably reduced when web openings are included for the purpose of locating building services. Shear tests of LSBs with web openings have shown that there is up to a 60% reduction in the shear capacity due to the inclusion of web openings. Hence there is a need to improve the shear capacity of LSBs with web openings. A cost effective way to eliminate the shear capacity reduction is to attach suitable stiffeners around the web openings. Hence experimental studies were undertaken to investigate the shear behaviour and strength of LSBs with stiffened web openings. In this research, various stiffening methods using plate and LSB stiffeners attached to LSBs using both welding and screw-fastening were attempted. Our test results showed that the stiffening arrangements recommended by past research for coldformed steel channel beams are not adequate to restore the shear strengths of LSBs with web openings. Therefore new stiffener arrangements were proposed for LSBs with web openings. This paper presents the details of this experimental study and the results including the details of the optimum stiffener details for LiteSteel beams. Keywords: LiteSteel beams, web openings, hollow flanges, shear capacity, stiffeners, experiments, cold-formed steel structures.
LiteSteel beams, web openings, hollow flanges, shear capacity, stiffeners, experiments, cold-formed steel structures.