WIT Press


Shape Optimization By The Level-set Method Applied To Architectured Flexural Panels

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/HPSM100411

Volume

112

Pages

12

Page Range

439 - 450

Published

2010

Size

656 kb

Author(s)

L. Laszczyk, R. Dendievel, G. Parry, Y. Bréchet & O. Bouaziz

Abstract

Architectured materials (such as foams, corrugated structures, trusses, hollow spheres) are used, alone or as core material in a sandwich structure, for flexural panels. The idea is to take advantage of the architecture to combine multiple functionalities (e.g. lightweight, stiffness, thermal insulation). Therefore it seems relevant to design the distribution of matter in order to obtain the desired performances. Multi-functional and conflicting specifications lead to non-trivial selection and/or optimization problems. It is hence proposed to use numerical shape optimization procedures into a \“material by design” approach applied to periodically architectured flexural panels. A finite element analysis on the unit cell is presented to compute the effective stiffness of each panel depending on its architecture. Then, shape optimization by the level-set method is made on the unit cell with regard to the effective stiffness and a volume constraint. Multiple start geometries and objective functions are tested. The four-point bending test, which usually characterizes flexural panels performance, is used as a reference for both homogenization and optimization. Keywords: shape optimization, level-set method, homogenization, flexural panel, sandwich structures, architectured materials. 1 Introduction Specifications in automotive industries are more and more complex in the way that multi-functional performances (such as stiffness, thermal and acoustic insulation) are required while keeping the weight as low as possible. Composite and architectured materials often give efficient solutions. Recently, numerous

Keywords

shape optimization, level-set method, homogenization, flexural panel, sandwich structures, architectured materials