Strategic Program For Landslide Disaster Risk Reduction: A Lesson Learned From Central Java, Indonesia
Free (open access)
D. Karnawati1, T. F. Fathani1, B. Andayani1, P. W. Burton2 & I. Sudarno1
The Indonesian Archipelago is one dynamic volcanic arc region, where landslides frequently occur during the rainy season. Not only are geological conditions and high precipitation in the region, but also uncontrolled land use development and high social-vulnerability of the community living in landslide prone areas, that have become the major cause of landslide disasters in Indonesia. Accordingly, a strategic program for landslide risk reduction has been carried out by establishing an appropriate landslide risk management program with respect to social vulnerability. Such programs mainly emphasize the improvement of community resilience in landslide prone areas through community based landslide mitigation and early warning system, as well as public education. Geological investigations combined with social survey and analyses were also carried out to support the implementation of this risk reduction program in Central Java. Finally, it was concluded that the effectiveness of landslide disaster risk reduction was mainly driven by the community empowerment for disaster prevention and mitigation at the village level. Keywords: landslide mitigation, risk reduction, resilience improvement.
landslide mitigation, risk reduction, resilience improvement