Monitoring Coupled Moisture And Salt Transport Using Single Vertical Suction Experiment
Free (open access)
157 - 167
Z. Pavlík, J. Mihulka, M. Pavlíková & R. Černý
A new method for simultaneous monitoring of coupled moisture and chloride ions transport is presented in the paper. The experiment is done in the conditions of one-sided 1.0 M NaCl solution vertical uptake into a sample of calcium silicate based material. In the experimental work, rod-shaped sample is used for the determination of moisture and chloride concentration profiles in simulated 1- D water and chloride solution transport. For the measurement, advanced Time Domain Reflectometry (TDR) sensors are used. The sensors allow for moisture content assessment on the basis of relative permittivity measurement and chloride concentration monitoring based on electrical conductivity measurement. On the basis of measured data, moisture and chloride concentration profiles are obtained. Experimentally determined chloride concentration profiles and moisture profiles are then used for identification of apparent chloride diffusion coefficient and moisture diffusivity on the basis of inverse analysis using a simple diffusion model. Finally, the calibration procedure of the applied measuring method is discussed and practical recommendations for application of the combined TDR/electrical conductivity sensors for monitoring of coupled moisture and salt solution transport are given. Keywords: moisture, salt concentration, relative permittivity, electrical conductivity, calcium silicate.
moisture, salt concentration, relative permittivity, electrical conductivity, calcium silicate.