WIT Press


Wave Motion Through Cracked, Functionally Graded Materials By BEM

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/BEM060311

Volume

42

Pages

10

Published

2006

Size

545 kb

Author(s)

G. D. Manolis, T. V. Rangelov & P. S. Dineva

Abstract

Elastic waves in cracked, functionally graded materials (FGM) with elastic parameters that are continuous functions of a single spatial co-ordinate are studied herein under conditions of plane strain and for time-harmonic incident pressure (P) and vertically polarized shear (SV) waves. The FGM has a fixed Poisson’s ratio, while both shear modulus and density profiles vary proportionally. The method of solution is the boundary element method (BEM). The necessary Green’s functions for the infinite plane are derived in closed-form using functional transformation methods. Subsequently, a non-hypersingular, traction-type BEM is developed using parabolic boundary elements, supplemented with special crack-tip elements for handling crack edges. The methodology is validated against benchmark problems and then used to study wave scattering phenomena around a crack in an infinitely extending FGM. 1 Introduction Abrupt change in material properties across interfaces between layers in composites and other materials may result in large inter-laminar stresses leading to delamination phenomena. One way to overcome these effects is to use FGM, which are inhomogeneous materials with continuously varying material properties. However, defects and cracks are commonly present in FGM, both during the manufacturing process and under service conditions. This calls for advanced numerical methods to assist in the development of ultrasonic and other

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