Characteristics Of Damping In Components Of A Spot-welded Frame
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S. Enoki, H. Andou, Y. Takimoto & T. Katayama
This paper describes a damping ratio for each component of a spot-welded frame composed of cold-rolled steel sheets. A spot-welded frame is used as part of an automotive body and a cabin of construction machinery. Their damping ratios need to be understood in design. The spot-welded frame is divided into spotwelded flange parts and other portions. Damping ratios of these components have been measured by impact tests. It was found that damping ratios of nonspot- welded sheet metals have little dispersion and are independent of frequency and shape. It was found that damping ratios of spot-welded flange members are related to the spot-pitch and thickness. Additionally it was found that a damping ratio of a spot-welded frame is smaller than that of a spot-welded flange member under the same parameters and is larger than that of a non-spot-welded sheet metal. It was found that the difference in their damping ratios depends on the shape of the non-spot-welded sheet metal portion in a spot-welded frame. The degree of the difference was clarified by our suggested method to evaluate the damping ratio of a spot-welded frame. Keywords: damping ratio, spot-welding, sheet metal, cold-rolled steel sheet, impact test. 1 Introduction Good riding quality is needed for a car and a construction machinery because the operator rides on for many hours. Therefore, it is important to understand the vibration behaviour in design. An automotive body and a cabin of a construction
damping ratio, spot-welding, sheet metal, cold-rolled steel sheet, impact test.