WIT Press

Impact Of Non-uniform Surface Flows On Fire Suppression Of An Idealized Commodity


Free (open access)





Page Range

207 - 218




672 kb

Paper DOI



WIT Press


Y. Xin


Sprinkler protection is currently the most widely used and reliable technology to mitigate fire hazards for combustible commodities. The basic mechanism of sprinkler protection relies on water transport on solid fuel surfaces to control and suppress the fire. In previous studies water surface flows were characterized for an idealized commodity consisting of corrugated cardboard boxes. The results showed that local surface flows are highly non-uniform on commodity surfaces even with uniform water fluxes applied directly on top of the commodity. In the present work, an experimental study was conducted to investigate fire suppression behaviours of the same commodity using uniform water fluxes. The objective is to examine the impact of non-uniform water surface flows on fire suppression behaviour. All fire tests were carried out using a rack storage configuration. The overall fire suppression behaviour was quantified using the chemical heat release rates measured by a 20-MW calorimeter, with the uniform water fluxes generated by a water application apparatus. The experimental results show that the measured heat release rates under various experimental conditions are reasonably repeatable. Therefore, local surface flows on the commodity, although highly non-uniform, do not have a significant impact on the overall fire suppression behaviour. This suggests that more global or averaged quantities related to water transport control the fire suppression, which should be investigated in future work. Keywords: fire suppression, surface flow, fire growth, heat release rate.


Keywords: fire suppression, surface flow, fire growth, heat release rate.