WIT Press


Effect Of Thermal Insulation On Hygric And Thermal Conditions In The Envelopes Of Renovated Historical Buildings

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/HT120241

Volume

75

Pages

12

Page Range

281 - 292

Published

2012

Size

405 kb

Author(s)

J. Maděra, V. Kočí & R. Černý

Abstract

The effects of selected exterior thermal insulation systems on hygric and thermal conditions in the envelopes of renovated historical buildings are studied. The load bearing structures formed by typical stone materials used on Czech territory, such as sandstone and argillite, and provided with different types of insulation systems are subjected to computational hygrothermal analysis. The coupled heat and moisture transport problem is solved using the standard Galerkin finite element approach, and a computational implementation is performed. The computer code in C++ is then used in a series of computational simulations. Climatic data corresponding to the test reference year for Prague are used as boundary conditions. The results of computer simulations of moisture and temperature fields are then utilized in the subsequent service life analysis. Keywords: hygrothermal simulation, external insulation, heat and moisture transport, finite element method. 1 Introduction For thermal insulation of existing and newly built structures, exterior thermal insulation systems are the most frequently applied. They are capable of formation of compact insulation layers; herewith the possible thermal bridges that can lead in specific cases to a significant increase of thermal losses are easily eliminated. Application of exterior thermal insulation systems also reduces the thermal loading of envelope structures (especially of their joints) that are usually exposed to the negative effects of temperature changes. The exterior insulation can be realized in the form of a contact system or with air gap. The contact

Keywords

hygrothermal simulation, external insulation, heat and moisture transport, finite element method.