Three-dimensional Mixture Theory Simulations Of Turbulent Flow Over Dynamic Rippled Beds
Free (open access)
361 - 369
A. M. Penko & J. Calantoni
The highly turbulent, sediment-laden flow above rippled beds in the wave bottom boundary layer (WBBL) is poorly understood and difficult to quantify mainly because of our failure to understand the fundamental interaction forces driving sediment transport. However, recent advances in high performance computing allow for highly resolved simulations of fluid-sediment dynamics in the WBBL to examine the small-scale fluctuations of boundary layer processes and characterize seabed morphology. A three-dimensional mixture theory model, SedMix3D, solves the unfiltered Navier-Stokes equations for the fluid-sediment mixture with an additional equation describing sediment flux. Mixture theory treats the fluid-sediment mixture as a single continuum with effective properties parameterizing the intra- and inter-phase interactions with closure relations for the mixture viscosity, diffusion, hindered settling, and particle pressure. We validate results obtained with SedMix3D using temporally and spatially resolved fluid velocity measurements acquired with a particle image velocimetry (PIV) system in a free-surface laboratory flume. Measured two-dimensional velocity fields are compared to two-dimensional vertical slices from the threedimensional simulation domain. We examine the hydrodynamics of the flow by comparing bulk flow statistics, and swirling strength. In general, results from SedMix3D were in excellent agreement with the observations. We believe SedMix3D captures the essential physics governing two–phase turbulent flow over ripples for the conditions represented by the experiments and should provide us with a powerful research tool for studying the dynamics of seafloor bedforms. Keywords: ripples, bedforms, numerical modeling, turbulence, multiphase flow, mixture theory, model-data comparison.
ripples, bedforms, numerical modeling, turbulence, multiphase flow, mixture theory, model-data comparison.